The best retinol serums for hyperpigmentation, anti-aging, dark spots, post-acne redness, sensitive skin, crepey skin, eyes, and neck.
La Roche posay Adapalene
Avene retrinal 0.1 intensive
CeraVe resurfacing retinol
Neutrogena rapid wrinkle repair regenerating cream
Mechanisms of Photoaging and Chronological Skin Aging doi:10.1001/archderm.138.11.1462
Feinberg C, Hawkins S, Battaglia A, et al. Comparison of anti-aging efficacy from cosmetic ingredients on photoaged skin. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004;50(3:S1):P27.
Fluhr JW, Vienne MP, Lauze C, et al. Tolerance profile of retinol, retinaldehyde and retinoic acid under maximized and long-term clinical conditions. Dermatology. 1999;199(Suppl 1):57–60. –
Kang S, Duell EA, Fisher GJ, et al. Application of retinol to human skin in vivo induces epidermal hyperplasia and cellular retinoid binding proteins characteristic of retinoic acid but without measurable retinoic acid levels or irritation. J Invest Dermatol. 1995;105:549–56. –
Assessment of Adapalene Gel for the Treatment of Actinic Keratoses and Lentigines: A Randomized Trial DOI: 10.1067/mjd.2003.451
Clinical Efficacy of Adapalene (Differin(®)) 0.3% Gel in Chilean Women With Cutaneous Photoaging DOI: 10.3109/09546634.2011.631981
Comparable Efficacy of Adapalene 0.3% Gel and Tretinoin 0.05% Cream as Treatment for Cutaneous Photoaging DOI: 10.1684/ejd.2018.3320
A new dermocosmetic containing retinaldehyde, delta-tocopherol glucoside and glycylglycine oleamide for managing naturally aged skin: results from in vitro to clinical studies. doi: 10.2147/CCID.S123575
Antiwrinkle activity of retinol is enhanced by a Myrtus communis extract. DOI:
Improvement of Naturally Aged Skin With Vitamin A (Retinol). doi:10.1001/archderm.143.5.606
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